Posted tagged ‘grammatical rules’

Clear Communication Is the Key To Writing

April 13, 2009

strunkwhiteIn my inbox today, I found a message from CopyBlogger on a subject which interests me: Three Grammar Rules You Can (And Should) Break. In an article by Michelle Pierce, she encourages writers to question the rules which we have had beaten into us by our teachers and others who happen to be well-versed in the written word and applicable grammar rules.

1. Ending a sentence with a preposition

I have no idea where this rule came from. What I do know is that many people, in an effort to keep from ticking off the Grammar Police, start twisting their sentences around so as not to end them with prepositions.

Unfortunately, more often than not, the new syntax is terribly awkward and painful to read. Take the first sentence of this section, for example. “From where this rule came” sounds like something Yoda would say, not me. A big part of blogging is showing your personality through words. How can you do that when you’re twisting your phrases to suit some archaic rule?

In the interest of clarity and readability, it’s quite all right to end a sentence with a preposition.

Did you get that? “In the interest of clarity and readability…” That means it’s okay to write (or say), “Where y’all from?” I remember a Designing Women episode in which MaryJo posed that question to a woman with whom she shared an elevator. The woman replied, “We are from somewhere where we know not to end a sentence with a preposition.”

Without missing a beat, MaryJo rephrased her question, “Where y’all from, bitch?”

Although I will usually let a preposition at the end of a sentence or question slide, my blood pressure and rockets skyward when I hear the preposition “at” as an ending: “Where you at?” or “Where do you work at?”

2. Beginning a sentence with “and” or “but”

Somebody, somewhere, once decided that you shouldn’t begin sentences with conjunctions. Maybe it was an overzealous teacher who thought her students were doing it too much. My guess is that it was frustrated mothers who got sick and tired of hearing their children start every single sentence with “But Mo-om!”

The rule even got screen time in the movie Finding Forrester, when Sean Connery and Rob Brown have an entire conversation about it (and deliberately start their sentences with the offending words in order to make their points).

Regardless of how it began, you don’t have to stick with it. It’s perfectly all right to start your sentences with “and” or “but.” It’s a great way to grab attention and emphasize a point. But, as in all things, take it in moderation.

I completely agree with the breaking of this rule. Both “But” and “And” are transitional words which form a bridge to thoughts conveyed in the previous paragraph. A journalism professor once explained to the class that it is acceptable to use transition words like these at the beginning of a paragraph. And that’s what I tend to do on a regular basis.

But that does not mean that the writer should begin an article or post using those words.

3. Splitting infinitives

How often have you heard that you’re not allowed to let another word come between “to” and its verb? Some people hold that construction with the same reverence as is typically given to marriage: that which the writer hath wrought together, let no man tear asunder.

Except that it’s really not that big of a deal. Come on: “to go boldly where no man has gone before” just doesn’t have the same ring to it as “to boldly go.” If it sounds better to split the infinitive, then take an axe to it!

Don’t cling to the ancient rules just because your high school English teacher told you to. Be a rebel and break free of these nonsensical shackles!

Though I usually try to adhere to the grammatical rules I have been taught while both speaking and writing, sometimes this rule is appropriate to break. “Boldly to go” doesn’t have the same ring to it as “to boldly go…”

Though our English teachers would like us to think that all these rules were handed down to Moses like The Ten Commandments, they were not. And except for a few self-important grammarians, most people understand that sometimes rules can be broken…or at least bent!

The important thing is for what you have written to convey the intended message with as little chance of misinterpretation as possible.

How ’bout it?

The Communications Factors: Mastering the Apostrophe

November 15, 2007

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When using The Communications Factors to brand yourself, there must be a basic understanding of grammatical rules, and especially of the apostrophe. The most basic use of the apostrophe is to form a contraction. Take for example the word cannot. Using the apostrophe it forms the word can’t. Simple enough.

Besides taking the place of omitted letters, the apostrophe is also used to show possession. The back of Mark becomes Mark’s back. Again, simple enough. But what about words like Thomas, Moses, or Jesus? Is it Thomas’s back, Moses’s Laws, or Jesus’s name? Traditional thoughts taught that if you were speaking of a proper name ending in -s with more than two syllables, you were to add only the apostrophe to show possession. Therefore, if Frances had a friend, it should be written Frances’ friend. However, the new philosophy is that it is up to the individual person. This means if Thomas prefers to have people call them Thomas’s English Muffins, then that’s what it should be.

The 2007 AP Stylebook states that with singular proper names ending in S, only an apostrophe is appropriate: Achilles’ heel, Agnes’ book, Ceres’ rites, Dickens’ Novels, etc…

So when writing about the works of Charles Dickens, make sure you make it Dickens’ works and not Dickens’s. If someone corrects you, affect your snobbiest accent and say, “Actually, the AP Stylebook argues otherwise, my friend.” Check out this link to fully appreciate the meanings of punctuation marks!

An Exception:

The most troublesome use of the apostrophe is regarding the word IT. To show possession, write its without the apostrophe: its bowl, its seat, its bed, etc. The addition of an apostrophe to the word its,completely changes the word and thereby shows that you have not yet mastered the rules of grammar. Remember that the apostrophe allows for the omission of letters? When it is followed by an apostrophe s, it can be read it is! So if you’re writing about the dog’s bowl, you should write its bowl, and not it’s bowl.

Making this heinous error could cost you the respect of your peers or worse, of business colleagues.

How ’bout it?